Categories: Hindu God and Goddess

Four Kumaras-The Eternal Youths of Hindu Mythology

In Hindu mythology, the Four Kumaras are four eternal youths who are regarded as the first teachers of Sanatana Dharma (the eternal law). They are the sons of Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe, and are also considered as the avatars of Lord Vishnu (10 Avatars of Lord Vishnu or the Complete List of 24 Avatars of Lord Vishnu). In this essay, we will explore the significance of the Four Kumaras as Vishnu’s avatars and their teachings of Jnana (knowledge), Bhakti (devotion), Yoga (meditation), and Vairagya (detachment).

The Four Kumaras in Hindu Texts

The Four Kumaras are known for their extraordinary knowledge, spiritual wisdom, and profound insights into the nature of reality. They are mentioned in various Hindu texts, including the Bhagavata Purana, Skanda Purana, and Mahabharata.

Who are the Four Kumaras?

The Four Kumaras are named Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana, and Sanatkumara. They are also known as the Chatur Sanatana or the Four Eternal Youths. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma created the Four Kumaras from his mind without any physical union with a consort. As a result, the Four Kumaras are also known as Manasputras or sons born out of the mind.

The Four Kumaras are depicted as eternally young, naked, and free from all material desires. They have no interest in worldly pleasures or possessions and are completely devoted to the pursuit of spiritual knowledge. The Four Kumaras are also regarded as the avatars of Lord Vishnu. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Vishnu incarnated as the Four Kumaras to propagate the teachings of Sanatana Dharma and help humanity attain spiritual liberation.

Teachings of the Four Kumaras

The Four Kumaras are known for their teachings on Jnana, Bhakti, Yoga, and Vairagya. They are considered to be the first teachers of Sanatana Dharma, which encompasses all aspects of Hindu philosophy and spiritual practices.


Jnana refers to spiritual knowledge or wisdom that leads to the realization of the true nature of the self and the universe. The Four Kumaras are regarded as the embodiment of Jnana, and their teachings emphasize the importance of self-knowledge and understanding the true nature of reality. They teach that the ultimate goal of human life is to realize the self as pure consciousness, which is beyond the limitations of the body and mind.


Bhakti refers to devotion or love for a divine being. The Four Kumaras are known for their devotion to Lord Vishnu, whom they worship as the ultimate reality. Their teachings emphasize the importance of developing a loving relationship with the divine and surrendering oneself completely to the will of God.


Yoga refers to spiritual practices that lead to the union of the individual self with the universal self. The Four Kumaras are regarded as masters of yoga, and their teachings emphasize the importance of meditation, self-discipline, and self-control in achieving spiritual liberation. They teach that the mind must be trained to focus on the divine and free itself from the distractions of the material world.


Vairagya refers to detachment or renunciation of material desires. The Four Kumaras are known for their detachment from all material possessions and desires. Their teachings emphasize the importance of living a simple and austere life, free from the distractions of material wealth and possessions.

Relevance of the Four Kumaras in Modern Times

The teachings of the Four Kumaras hold significant relevance in modern times. In a world that is increasingly focused on material gains and consumerism, their teachings on detachment and inner growth offer valuable guidance. Their emphasis on knowledge and pursuit of truth is crucial in a world of misinformation, while their example of devotion inspires individuals to seek deeper connections with the divine.


Krishna Das is an experienced article writer. He writes about Hinduism in his spare time.

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