Categories: Hindu God and Goddess

Hanuman-The Divine Monkey God

Hanuman, the revered Hindu deity, holds a prominent place in the hearts of millions of devotees across the world. Often referred to as the “Monkey God,” Hanuman is celebrated for his unwavering devotion, valor, and boundless love for Lord Rama. This article delves into the fascinating tale of Hanuman, exploring his birth, legendary exploits, scriptural references, sacred temples, and the vibrant festivals that honor this divine figure.

Birth of Hanuman

The birth of Hanuman is an extraordinary tale filled with divine interventions and celestial wonders. According to Hindu mythology, Hanuman was born to Anjana, an apsara (celestial nymph) who was cursed to live on Earth as a monkey due to her past actions. Anjana’s fate was destined to change when she fervently prayed to Lord Shiva to be granted a son. Pleased with her devotion, Lord Shiva blessed Anjana, promising that her son would possess incredible strength and wisdom.

Subsequently, Lord Vayu, the wind god, played a pivotal role in Hanuman’s conception. He carried the divine essence of Lord Shiva to Anjana, and from this union, Hanuman was born. His birth bestowed upon him unparalleled powers, making him a symbol of devotion, loyalty, and humility.

The Legend of Hanuman

The legend of Hanuman is an enthralling saga of loyalty, courage, and devotion. His devotion to Lord Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is legendary and forms the core narrative of the epic Ramayana. Hanuman’s relentless quest to serve and assist Lord Rama throughout his journey to rescue his wife, Sita, from the demon king Ravana, remains an iconic story of faith and righteousness.

Hanuman carrying an entire mountain

Hanuman’s prowess as a warrior was put to the test during the battle between Lord Rama’s army and the demon forces of Ravana. Hanuman’s ability to change his size at will, his extraordinary leaps, and his mastery over the divine scriptures made him a formidable adversary. His most significant act was carrying an entire mountain, the Sanjeevani Parvat, to bring life-saving herbs for the wounded Lakshmana, Rama’s younger brother.

Scriptural References

Hanuman was present on Arjuna’s chariot

The significance of Hanuman extends beyond the epic Ramayana (Valmiki Ramayana), as his presence is also felt in various other Hindu scriptures. In the Mahabharata, it is believed that Hanuman was present on Arjuna’s chariot during the Kurukshetra War as a symbol of strength and guidance. Moreover, the Hanuman Chalisa, a sacred hymn dedicated to Hanuman, is a widely recited prayer believed to bestow blessings, protection, and fulfillment of desires upon devotees.

Hanuman’s name and virtues are found in several other ancient texts, regional folklore, and religious compositions, reaffirming his status as a revered deity in the vast tapestry of Hindu mythology.

Temples of Hanuman

Hanuman’s devotees have erected numerous temples and shrines across the world to pay homage to their beloved deity. These temples, ranging from grand architectural marvels to humble roadside shrines, attract pilgrims and devotees throughout the year.

The Hanuman Temple in Hampi, Karnataka, stands as an awe-inspiring marvel of Vijayanagara architecture. This temple, dedicated to Lord Hanuman, showcases a magnificent 15-foot-tall monolithic idol of the deity in a meditative pose.

The Hanuman Dhoka Palace in Kathmandu, Nepal, is another prominent site of worship. With its exquisite carvings and historical significance, the palace has become a symbol of veneration for Hanuman in Nepal.

One of the most renowned Hanuman temples is the Shri Hanuman Mandir in Connaught Place, New Delhi. This temple’s towering idol of Hanuman and its spiritual ambience draw thousands of devotees daily.

Hanuman Festivals

Devotees celebrate various festivals to honor Hanuman’s divine presence and seek his blessings. One of the most significant celebrations is Hanuman Jayanti, commemorating Hanuman’s birthday. This joyous occasion falls on the full moon day of the Chaitra month (March-April) and is observed with fervent devotion in temples and households.

During Hanuman Jayanti, devotees engage in prayer, hymn chanting, and reading of scriptures. Special processions, known as “Rath Yatras,” showcasing grand chariots carrying Hanuman’s idol, are taken out in several regions.

Apart from Hanuman Jayanti, other festivals like Diwali and Navaratri also feature celebrations dedicated to Hanuman, underscoring his importance in Hindu culture.
[To know more about Hanuman, check out this link:]


Krishna Das is an experienced article writer. He writes about Hinduism in his spare time.

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