Lord Kubera:The Divine Guardian of Wealth and Prosperity

Lord Kubera:The Divine Guardian of Wealth and Prosperity

In the vast tapestry of Hindu mythology, Lord Kubera stands as a prominent deity, known as the ‘treasurer of the gods’ and the ‘king of Yakshas.’ His significance lies in his role as the custodian, distributor, and guardian of all the treasures within the universe, making him the ultimate symbol of wealth, prosperity, and glory. This article explores the multifaceted facets of Lord Kubera, including his family lineage, iconography, festivals dedicated to him, and the temples that celebrate his divine presence.

Lord Kubera Family Tree

Lord Kubera’s roots trace back to the lineage of Lord Brahma, one of the principal deities in Hinduism. He is the son of Vishrava and Illavida. Vishrava’s story takes an intriguing twist as he married the demon princess Kaikesi, who gave birth to four illustrious children: Ravana, Kumbhakarna, Vibhishana, and Surpanakha. This familial connection makes Lord Kubera the half-brother of the formidable Ravana, a central character in the epic Ramayana (Valmiki Ramayana).

Lord Kubera’s own family is no less intriguing. He is wedded to Kauberi, who is also known as Yakshi, Bhadra, and Charvi. Together, they have four children—three sons named Nalakubara, Manigriva, and Mayuraja, along with a daughter named Meenakshi. These intricate family connections add depth to Lord Kubera’s character within Hindu mythology.


Lord Kubera

The name ‘Kubera’ itself carries a distinctive meaning in Sanskrit, referring to someone who is ill-shaped or deformed. This unique characteristic is reflected in his portrayal as having a plump, dwarf-like body. His complexion is often described as being akin to the color of lotus leaves, and his form exhibits certain deformities. Notably, Lord Kubera is depicted with three legs, only eight teeth, and a yellow left eye.

As the deity of wealth, Lord Kubera is often seen carrying a pot or bag filled with gold coins, symbolizing his role as the dispenser of riches. He adorns himself with opulent jewelry, befitting his status as the king of prosperity. Additionally, he takes pleasure in riding the Pushpak, a flying chariot gifted to him by Lord Brahma. Some depictions also show Lord Kubera holding a mace, a pomegranate, or a money bag in his hand. Interestingly, the mongoose is frequently associated with him, and in some texts, he is linked to the majestic elephant.

Puja and Festivals

Dhanteras: Dhanteras, also known as Dhantrayodashi, is one of the most significant festivals dedicated to Lord Kubera. Devotees observe Kubera Lakshmi Puja on this auspicious day and traditionally buy gold as a symbol of prosperity.

Sharad Purnima: Sharad Purnima marks the birthday of Lord Kubera, making it a day of great importance for his worshippers. Offering prayers to Lord Kubera on this day is believed to bring immense blessings and wealth.

The choice of Trayodashi and Purnima Tithi(s) for these festivals is historically rooted in their association with Lord Kubera, making them the most auspicious times to perform Kubera Puja.


Dhopeshwar Mahadev in Madhya Pradesh: This temple is a beautiful testament to the deep bond between Lord Shiva and Lord Kubera. Here, a unique idol showcases both deities together, underscoring their divine connection.

Kubera Bhandari Temple in Gujarat: Situated on the banks of the sacred river Narmada, this temple holds great significance as the place where Lord Kubera is believed to have performed his penance. Legend has it that Lord Shiva himself built this temple approximately 2500 years ago. Additionally, Lord Kubera organized a Bhandara, a free food donation, at this site, highlighting his benevolent nature.

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