Categories: Hindu Sage and Saint

Bhrigu:The Father of the Indian Astrology

In the rich tapestry of Hindu mythology and philosophy, Sage Bhrigu stands as a revered figure known for his multifaceted contributions. From being one of the seven great sages, the Saptarshis, to his role as the first compiler of predictive astrology and the author of the renowned Bhrigu Samhita, Bhrigu’s legacy is a fascinating journey through ancient Indian history and spirituality. This article delves deep into the life and legends of Sage Bhrigu, exploring his significance in Hinduism, his encounters with the Trimurti, and the wisdom encapsulated in his teachings.

Sage Bhrigu

The Life and Lineage of Sage Bhrigu

A Manasa Putra of Brahma

Bhrigu is considered a Manasa Putra, a “mind-born-son” of Lord Brahma, one of the primary deities in Hinduism responsible for creation. This divine lineage underscores his spiritual prowess.

Contributions to Manusmriti

Alongside Manu, the progenitor of humanity, Bhrigu made significant contributions to Manusmriti, a foundational text in Hindu law and ethics. This sacred scripture was formed after a sermon to a congregation of saints in the ancient state of Brahmavarta, following a catastrophic flood.

Geographical Presence

Bhrigu’s hermitage, or Ashram, was located on the Vadhusar River, a tributary of the Drishadwati River near Dhosi Hill, situated on the border of Haryana and Rajasthan in present-day India. Later, he migrated to Bhrigukutch (modern Bharuch) on the banks of the Narmada River in Gujarat.

Family and Descendants

Bhrigu was married to Khyati, one of the daughters of Prajapati Kardama. She is also known as the Daughter of Prajapati Daksha and was the mother of Devi Lakshmi as Bhargavi. Bhrigu and Khyati had two sons named Dhata and Vidhata. Notably, his son Shukra, born from Kavyamata (Usana), became a learned sage and guru of the asuras. The lineage continues with sage Jamadagni, who was the father of sage Parashurama, an avatar of Lord Vishnu.

Bhrigu in Hindu Legends

The Trimurti Test

One of the most intriguing legends involving Bhrigu is his test of the Trimurti—Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva. When a gathering of sages couldn’t decide the pre-eminence among these deities, Bhrigu was chosen to determine the answer.

Brahma: Bhrigu first visited Brahma, who was deeply engrossed in reciting the Vedas with Saraswati. Brahma’s neglect led to Bhrigu’s anger and insults.

Shiva: Bhrigu then sought Shiva at Kailash Parvat, who was in conversation with Goddess Parvati. Shiva, initially infuriated, was calmed by Parvati’s intervention.

Bhrigu kicked Vishnu on the chest to wake him

Vishnu: When Bhrigu visited Vishnu, he found the Lord asleep on his Sheshanaga. Enraged, Bhrigu kicked Vishnu on the chest to wake him. Vishnu’s response was both humbling and profound. He greeted Bhrigu and started massaging his feet, asking if he had hurt his feet. Vishnu’s act symbolized the destruction of Bhrigu’s ego, and he declared Vishnu as the greatest among the Trimurti.

Lakshmi’s Anger: Vishnu’s consort, Lakshmi, was angered because her place was on Vishnu’s chest (vakshasthala). She left Vishnu to be born on Earth as Bhargavi.

The Tirupati Story

In a similar tale associated with Tirupati, Bhrigu curses Brahma not to be worshipped, Shiva to be worshipped as the lingam, and curses Brahmins that they would achieve wealth only through hard work.

Bhrigu’s Spiritual Teachings and Impact

Bhrigu’s Ashrams

Bhrigu’s presence is commemorated in various places across India, including Bharuch, Swamimalai, Tirumala, Ballia, Nanguneri, Thiruneermalai, Mannargudi, Maruderi, Khedbrahma, and Bhuinj Satara, among others. These sites hold historical and spiritual significance connected to the sage and his family.

Upanishadic Wisdom

Bhrigu’s wisdom is encapsulated in the Taittriya Upanishad, where his conversation with his father Varuni on Brahman is recorded. Here, the definition of Brahman as “that from which beings originate, through which they live, and in which they re-enter after death” lays the foundation for introspection and self-knowledge.

Bhrigu Samhita

Bhrigu’s profound knowledge extended to astrology, culminating in the creation of the Bhrigu Samhita. This seminal work is believed to be one of the earliest books of its kind in the field of astrology. It contains birth charts and full-life predictions, offering guidance to those seeking insights into their future.

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Krishna Das is an experienced article writer. He writes about Hinduism in his spare time.

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