Categories: Hindu God and Goddess

Himavat:The Divine Guardian of the Himalayas

The Himalayan mountain range, often referred to as the abode of the gods, holds a special place in Hindu mythology and spirituality. At the heart of this majestic range stands Himavat, the personification of the Himalayan mountains. In Hindu scriptures, Himavat is described as the guardian deity of the Himalayas and is associated with various names and legends that illustrate his significance in the pantheon of Hindu deities. This article delves into the multifaceted persona of Himavat, exploring his names, family, and his role in various Hindu texts.



The name “Himavat” is not the only title by which this deity is known. Various Hindu scriptures reference the personification of the Himalayas by different names, each reflecting some aspect of this grand mountain range. These names include:
Himavant (icy)
Himavan (snowy)
Himaraja (king of snow)
Parvateshwara (god of mountains)
This variety of names highlights the diverse characteristics and qualities of the Himalayas, from their snow-clad peaks to their regal presence in the natural world.

Himavat’s Family

Himavat’s familial connections are a significant aspect of his role in Hindu mythology. According to the scriptures, Himavat fathered several noteworthy figures, including Ganga, the river goddess, Ragini, and Parvati, who would become the beloved consort of Lord Shiva. Himavat’s wife and queen consort is identified as Mainavati, whose lineage is described differently in various sources. The Ramayana (Valmiki Ramayana) portrays Mainavati as the daughter of Mount Meru, while other texts suggest that she is the daughter of Svadha and Kavi, a member of the class of Pitṛs. These diverse genealogies reflect the rich tapestry of Hindu mythology, where multiple narratives often coexist.

The Divine Wedding

The Shiva Purana recounts the grand wedding between Himavat and Mena. This sacred union signifies the harmonious coming together of two divine entities, the personification of the Himalayas and the enchanting Mena. This wedding is a celebrated event in Hindu mythology, signifying the divine connections between the mountains and the goddess.

Dialogue Between Parvati and Himavat

The Devi Gita, found in the seventh skandha of Devi-Bhagavata Purana (Srimad Devi Bhagavatam), features a profound dialogue between Parvati and her father Himavat. This dialogue explores various facets of spirituality and the universal form of the Devi. It also touches upon subjects like meditations based on Upanishads, Ashtanga-yoga, the yogas of jnana, karma, and bhakti. Himavat’s presence in this sacred text emphasizes his role as a guide and mentor in the spiritual realm.

Himavat in Other Hindu Texts

Himavat’s significance extends beyond the Devi Gita and the Shiva Purana. His story finds mention in other Hindu scriptures, such as the Brahmanda Purana and the Kena Upanishad. These references further underscore his enduring presence in Hindu mythology and spiritual teachings.

Krishna’s Tapasya

In the epic of Krishna, there is a unique account where Krishna himself sought the blessings of Himavat. Krishna’s tapasya (austerities) on the peaks of the Himalayas aimed to appease Himavat. As a result of this penance, his favorite wife, Rukmini, gave birth to their eldest son, Pradyumna. This narrative illustrates Himavat’s power and benevolence, as even the mighty Krishna sought his blessings.


Krishna Das is an experienced article writer. He writes about Hinduism in his spare time.

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