Categories: Hindu Sage and Saint

Rishi Pulaha: The Sage of Compassion and Devotion

Rishi Pulaha holds a distinguished place in Hindu mythology. He was the fifth son who sprang from the mind of Brahma, the creator of the universe. Brahma, in his endeavor to populate the worlds with more progeny, created not only the saptarshis (seven sages) but also ten prajapatis (progenitors). These seventeen sages, including Pulaha, became the ancestors of all beings on earth. Some accounts mention that the number of prajapatis was actually twenty-one, highlighting the variations in different texts. Pulaha, along with his fellow sages, was tasked with the crucial role of propagating life and maintaining dharma in the universe.

Life and Teachings

Pulaha’s life was marked by purity and renunciation. These qualities made him stand out even among the gods. The dharma that Pulaha followed was pravritti, which signifies a religious life lived in the world while adhering strictly to scriptural injunctions. This path of righteousness was aimed at producing eminent and spiritually advanced individuals who could guide others in their spiritual journey.

Seeking Knowledge

In his quest for spiritual knowledge, Pulaha approached Sanandana, one of the four kumaras. Sanandana, known for his profound wisdom and detachment from worldly life, imparted the knowledge of the highest Reality to Pulaha. This knowledge was later transmitted by Pulaha to Maharshi Gautama, illustrating the importance of the guru-disciple relationship in the spiritual tradition. The transmission of knowledge from one sage to another ensured the continuity of spiritual wisdom across generations.

Austerities and Devotion

Pulaha’s devotion to his father, Brahma, was profound. He performed intense austerities on the banks of the river Alakananda, showcasing his dedication to spiritual practices. These austerities were not only acts of devotion but also means to attain higher spiritual states. Pulaha’s commitment to his penance earned him a place of honor in the court of Indra, the king of gods. This recognition in the celestial realm highlighted Pulaha’s elevated spiritual status.

Pulaha’s devotion extended beyond Brahma. He was also a great devotee of Lord Shiva. Impressed by Pulaha’s unwavering devotion, Shiva manifested himself as a shivalinga in Varanasi, one of the holiest cities in Hinduism. This shivalinga, known as Pulaheshwar, became a significant place of worship, symbolizing the deep connection between Pulaha and Shiva.

Family and Descendants

Pulaha’s family life was intertwined with his spiritual pursuits. His consort was Kshama, the embodiment of forgiveness. Together, they had three sons—Kardama, Kanakapeetha, and Urvarivat—and a daughter named Peevari. The lineage of Pulaha extended further through his marriage to Gati, a daughter of Kardama and Devahuthi, as mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana. Pulaha (Srimad Bhagavatam) and Gati had three sons—Karmasreshtta, Vareeyaamsu, and Sahishnu. These descendants continued the spiritual lineage and upheld the values imparted by Pulaha.

Compassion and Intervention

Pulaha was not only a sage of profound knowledge but also the embodiment of compassion. This quality was evident in his interaction with Sage Parashara. When Parashara’s father, Shakti, son of Vashishtha, was killed by the demon Kalmasada, Parashara sought vengeance through a great sacrifice in which thousands of demons perished. Pulaha, moved by compassion, intervened and dissuaded Parashara from annihilating the entire race of demons. This act of compassion not only saved countless lives but also exemplified the virtue of forgiveness.

King Bharata’s Refuge

The story of King Bharata’s renunciation adds another layer to Pulaha’s legacy. In his old age, Bharata, a saintly king, renounced his kingdom and wealth to live as an ascetic in Pulaha’s hermitage. Despite his spiritual inclinations, Bharata’s attachment to a fawn hindered his progress toward perfection. Consequently, he was reborn as a fawn. The fawn returned to Pulaha’s hermitage, where it lived out its karma until it passed away. This tale underscores the influence of Pulaha’s spiritual environment and the challenges of overcoming worldly attachments.


Rishi Pulaha’s life and legacy are rich with lessons in devotion, compassion, and spiritual wisdom. As a sage, he played a pivotal role in the propagation of knowledge and dharma. His devotion to Lord Shiva, exemplified by the Pulaheshwar shivalinga in Varanasi, remains a testament to his spiritual dedication. Pulaha’s intervention in Parashara’s vengeance and his role in King Bharata’s renunciation highlight his compassionate nature. Through his descendants and the knowledge he imparted, Pulaha’s influence continues to resonate in Hindu spiritual traditions. His story exemplifies the ideal of living a righteous and spiritually fulfilling life in accordance with divine principles.


Krishna Das is an experienced article writer. He writes about Hinduism in his spare time.

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